Rodhetbhai, W. (2009) Preprocessing for Content-Based Image Retrieval. PhD thesis, University of Southampton.
The research focuses on image retrieval problems where the query is formed as an
image of a specific object of interest. The broad aim is to investigate pre-processing for retrieval of images of objects when an example image containing the object is given.
The object may be against a variety of backgrounds. Given the assumption that the
object of interest is fairly centrally located in the image, the normalized cut
segmentation and region growing segmentation are investigated to segment the object from the background but with limited success. An alternative approach comes from identifying salient regions in the image and extracting local features as a representation of the regions. The experiments show an improvement for retrieval by local features when compared with retrieval using global features from the whole image. For situations where object retrieval is required and where the foreground and
background can be assumed to have different characteristics, it is useful to exclude
salient regions which are characteristic of the background if they can be identified
before matching is undertaken. This thesis proposes techniques to filter out salient
regions believed to be associated with the background area. Background filtering using background clusters is the first technique which is proposed in the situation where only the background information is available for training. The second technique is the K-NN classification based on the foreground and background probability. In the last chapter, the support vector machine (SVM) method with PCA-SIFT descriptors is applied in an attempt to improve classification into foreground and background salient region classes. Retrieval comparisons show that the use of salient region background filtering gives an improvement in performance when compared with the unfiltered method.