Wednesday, December 15, 2010

Two papers at ECIR2011 accepted (one oral, one poster)

1.Fusion vs Two-Stage for Multimodal Retrieval

Abstract. We compare two methods for retrieval from multimodal collections. The first is a score-based fusion of results, retrieved visually and textually. The second is a two-stage method that visually re-ranks the top-K results textually retrieved. We discuss their underlying hypotheses and practical limitations, and contact a comparative evaluation on a standardized snapshot of Wikipedia. Both methods are found to be significantly more effective than single-modality baselines, with no clear winner but with different robustness features. Nevertheless,
two-stage retrieval provides efficiency benefits over fusion.

2.Dynamic Two-Stage Image Retrieval from Large Multimodal Databases

Abstract. Content-based image retrieval (CBIR) with global features is notoriously noisy, especially for image queries with low percentages of relevant images in a collection. Moreover, CBIR typically ranks the whole collection, which is inefficient for large databases. We experiment with a method for image retrieval from multimodal databases, which improves both the effectiveness and efficiency of traditional CBIR by exploring secondary modalities. We perform retrieval in a two-stage fashion: first rank by a secondary modality, and then perform CBIR only on the top-K items. Thus, effectiveness is improved by performing CBIR on a ‘better’ subset. Using a relatively ‘cheap’ first stage, efficiency is also improved via the fewer CBIR operations performed. Our main novelty is that K is dynamic, i.e. estimated per query to optimize a predefined effectiveness measure. We show that such dynamic two-stage setups can be significantly more effective and robust than similar setups with static thresholds previously proposed.

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